A paragraph is defined as a group of sentences that form a single statement. The paragraph must begin with a topic sentence and have a concluding sentence to maintain a consistent flow.

A five-paragraph format is most commonly suitable for all writing papers. It is a frequent form of an essay among school and college students. An essay usually needs to summarize data, analyze and test student’s writing and reading skills.

A five-paragraph essay is a composition of an essay that follows the form of the majority of college writing tasks.

In the case of standardized essays, the requirements are a five-paragraph essay in 500 – 800 words. The essay must contain an introduction, three supporting paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph. The topic sentence states the main idea of a paragraph. The supporting sentences are the sentences in the paragraph other than the topic sentence and the concluding sentence. The most commonly define key terms, offer explanations, and provide examples or more details.

The introductory paragraph includes a paraphrase of something said by a famous character to catch the reader’s attention.

The basic elements of a paragraph are unity, coherence, and completeness.

The paragraphs

In the first paragraph, it is recommended to explain the main idea and develop a thesis statement. 

In the body paragraphs, provide as much as details, facts, and quotes necessary to gain a deeper essay perspective. The fifth paragraph is usually a concluding paragraph that summarizes the essay concept.

The use of transition words is recommended in the majority of body paragraphs: moreover, in fact, on the whole, furthermore, as a result, simply put, for this reason, similarly, likewise, it follows that, naturally, by comparison, surely and yet.

The basics of the five-paragraph essay

Before any writing, decide what is the main topic of the essay and define the initial draft. The introduction usually starts with a hook which represents an opening sentence that grabs the reader’s interest and introduces the general topic of the essay. The most popular examples are historical information, an anecdote, a surprising statement, or a quote. Then outline the three supporting paragraphs to develop further. Write the introductory paragraph and the first paragraph.

The body paragraph provides information for the main thesis. It usually consists of 3 paragraphs. Use vivid words to describe all five senses and explain the attributes of certain characters, objects, or situations. The thesis should describe the topic and introduce a specific claim as well as to support it further.

The main attributes of an essay should be argumentative to provide evidence on a  topic from reliable resources.

The thesis statement of the paper is one sentence that explains to the audience what the essay is about. The body paragraphs explain to the reader what the essay is about and it’s content. First, state the topic sentence of the paragraph and implement the supporting details for the topic. Add a transitional element to the paragraphs.

In the conclusion restate the thesis statement and the main 3 sentences. Form the appropriate ending of the thesis according to the plot.

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